A listed building is a building included in a list of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest compiled by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media & Sport. Buildings on the list have statutory protection against untoward demolition and against unsuitable alterations which would adversely affect their character.
There are now some 535 listed buildings in the Borough of Wellingborough. The majority of these are houses and churches; but any structure above ground can be included, for example walls, milestones, tombstones, telephone kiosks, gates and gate piers.
Listed building grades
There are 3 grades of listing:
- Grade I for the finest buildings of most importance (there are only 11 buildings listed at Grade I in the Borough).
- Grade II* for buildings of exceptional quality or containing special features (there are 34 buildings listed at Grade II* in the Borough).
- Grade II are of special interest and warrant every effort to preserve them and retain their character and features (there are currently 490 buildings listed at Grade II in the Borough).
Why is a building listed?
The choice of building for inclusion depends on many factors. These include:
- the survival of original features
- the quality and intactness of the building for its age (including the survival of special interior features its representation of a building type or the work of a particular architect
It is not only great houses and churches which are listed but also humble and 'ordinary' buildings which are included as examples of the local style.
The organisation that decides which buildings are listed is English Heritage.
How much of a building is listed?
All of a building is listed, both the exterior and the interior. In addition it includes any feature of the building consisting of a man-made object or structure fixed to the building or having formed part of the land since before 1 July 1948 and located within the curtilage of the building.
This means that it is the main building, both inside and out, as well as anything within the garden or yard area (including the boundary walls of the garden or yard area) which is listed, or which comes under the listed building legislation.
It is possible for individual buildings to be added to the list or 'spotlisted'. Anyone can request that a building be considered for spotlisting. It is advisable to contact the Conservation Officer or English Heritage for further information on procedure and suitability.
How do I know if a building is listed?
The Council holds copies of the statutory lists and can advise you or you can now view listed buildings online. Owners are notified when a building is first listed. Prospective purchasers of Listed Buildings are informed in their pre-contract searches. However, some houses may have been re-named since they were listed so that their status may not be revealed simply by giving the present name of the property.
Advantages of owning a listed building
The function of listing is to aid the control of alteration and demolition. To be listed gives a building prestige value; it is an acknowledgement that the building is special and part of the national heritage that should be cherished. Advice and help is available from the Council's Design and Conservation Officer. Grade I and II* buildings may attract help from English Heritage, especially if they are on its Buildings at Risk Register.
How to make an application for listed building consent
Applications can be made on line on the Planning Portal. There is no fee for a listed building consent.
Maps and plans are required and photographs are recommended, especially where demolition works are proposed.
Demolition and new development
The demolition of all or part of any listed building, or of most building structures (except those erected since 1 July 1948) within the curtilage of a Listed Building, requires consent. New development within the cartilage of a listed building, but not physically attached thereto, will require planning permission.
If you require further advice
Information on listed buildings in the Borough is available from interactive mapping on our website.
Last Updated 25/01/2019