Borough Council of Wellingborough

A History of Wellingborough

Early History of Wellingborough

Although there is evidence of pre-historic and Roman occupation in the area, Wellingborough is essentially Anglo-Saxon in origin, occupied by an Anglo-Saxon war band in the early sixth Century, "Wendeling burh" - the stronghold of Waendel's people.  A helmet from this period, its crest surmounted by a boar, has been recovered from a site at Wollaston, near Wellingborough - one of only a handful of Anglo-Saxon helmets to be found in this country.

The Domesday Book of 1086 shows that approximately 250 people lived in "Wendleburie" at that time and from AD 948 to 1539 much of the area was in the hands of the fenland monastery of Crowland.  The Dissolution of the Monasteries handed ownership of the land back to the Crown.  Queen Elizabeth I gave the manor and other parish land to Sir Christopher Hatton and a smaller portion to the Earl of Leicester.  Sir Christopher bought the latter out, but division came again in 1616 when the old manor was purchased by the Earl of Warwick.  The two manors finally came together again when both were bought in the early nineteenth Century by John Vivian.

 The town is noted for its wells, popular with the early Stuart nobility and visited by Charles I.